The first knowing animations are in 1908 in France but the oldest known depictions of drawing to tell a story were in the 38,000 BCE. However the first real animations where made in France in 1906 Humorous Phases of Funny Faces by J. Stuart Blackton
However earlier inventions allowed him to create this like:
A thaumatrope is a simple toy that was popular in the 19th century. It is a small disk with different pictures on each side, such as a bird and a cage, and is attached to two pieces of string. When the string were twirled both images would be merged at become one.
The phenakistoscope was an early animation device. It was invented in 1831, simultaneously by the Belgian Joseph Plateau and the Austrian Simon von Stampfer. It consists of a disk with a series of images, drawn on radii evenly spaced around the center of the disk.
The zoetrope concept was suggested in 1834 by William George Horner, and from the 1860s marketed as the zoetrope. It operates on the same principle as the phenakistoscope. It was a cylindrical spinning device with several frames of animation printed on a paper strip placed around the interior circumference.
Flip book (1868):
John Barnes Linnett patented the first flip book in 1868 as the kineograph. A flip book is a small book with relatively springy pages, each having one in a series of animation images located near its unbound edge. The user bends all of the pages back, normally with the thumb, then by a gradual motion of the hand allows them to spring free one at a time.
The first official animated film :
A Frenchman name Emile Cohl produced a film called “Fantasmagorie.” It was a hit, and is known today as the first true animated film.
Warner Bros. Studio is born (1930)
Looney Tunes was supposed to be a spin off on the Silly Symphonies produced by Disney. It soon took on a life of its own and became very popular.
Timeline of animation